In 1963 Dr Hans Selye's adaptation explanation suggested we should consider two types of stress, these include as seen in the picture provided, Eustress and Distress.
Eustress is associated with performance, growth and repair whilst Distress will create decay, damage, disease and eventually death.
When periodising clients programs over weeks, months and years our coaches refer back to the adaptation funnel recognising different people react different to different stimuli and thus produce different responses.
Selye came up with The GAS principle!
The General Adaptation Syndrome principle (GAS) suggests people go through 5 phases when put under a form of stress. These include:
-The stress provided
-An alarm phase initiated on the body (natural defence mechanism)
-A resistance phase (again part of our bodies natural ability to be in defence of a threat)
-An exhaustion phase where by the body undertakes the stress for an extensive period of time
-Finally a Super Compensation phase where the body absorbs all the stress undertaken upon it and adapts towards it. What we must realise here is that adaptation eventually leads to stagnation and thus the initial stress put on the body is now no longer a stress. This is where plateaus may occur.
When channeling a stimuli to someone our coaches recognise the difference between skills and capacities, these being movements (skills) and loading modalities (capacities) relevant to client needs, goals and time frames.
The amount of volume, intensity or density given is also relevant to the persons goals, response levels to stress, training age and recovery abilities, these being nutrition and sleep.
Considering the stress response to different people and the type we place upon our clients, means it is very important when looking after the wellbeing of the individual.